BibTeX field: volume

How to use the volume field in BibTeX?

The volume field is used to store the volume number of the journal or multi-volume book.

volume = 3
volume = "12"
volume = {5}

How the volume field is used in BibTeX entry types

BibTeX entryDescriptionvolume field
articleJournal articleoptional
bookletPrinted work without a publisher
inbookAny section in a bookoptional
incollectionA titled section of a bookoptional
inproceedingsConference paperoptional
mastersthesisMaster's thesis
miscMiscellaneous: if nothing else fits
phdthesisPhD thesis
techreportTechnical report or white paper
unpublishedA work that has not yet been officially published