BibTeX entry type: article

Example of a BibTeX article entry

    @article{nash51,
      author  = "Nash, John",
      title   = "Non-cooperative Games",
      journal = "Annals of Mathematics",
      year    = 1951,
      volume  = "54",
      number  = "2",
      pages   = "286--295"
    }
BibTeX example of a journal article citation style abbrv
BibTeX example of a journal article citation style acm
BibTeX example of a journal article citation style alpha
BibTeX example of a journal article citation style apalike
BibTeX example of a journal article citation style ieeetr
BibTeX example of a journal article citation style plain
BibTeX example of a journal article citation style siam
BibTeX example of a journal article citation style unsrt

When to use the entry type article?

In BibTeX, the @article entry type is used to properly reference an article from a journal, magazine, newspaper, or periodical. Any self-contained regularly published work that contains segments uses the @article entry type. For instance, a paper within a journal, or other clearly defined section within a periodical is considered a segment. Regardless of the type of article, in order for your reference to display correctly, you will need to follow the prescribed rules for formatting.

BibTeX fields for a BibTeX article entry

With any BibTeX entry there are required, optional, and non-standard fields. The table below lists the fields, the type of the field, as well as a brief description.

Field nameTypeDescription
authorRequiredThe person or persons who wrote the article.
titleRequiredThe name of the article.
journalRequiredThe name of the work the article was found in.
yearRequiredThe year the article was published.
volumeOptionalThe volume of the work in the series.
numberOptionalThe number of the volume within the series.
pagesOptionalThe page number or page range the article is found on.
monthOptionalThe month the article was published.
noteOptionalAny miscellaneous information that does not qualify for another field.
doiNon-standardThe digital object identifier - a unique way in which the article is found.
issnNon-standardFor an article, the international standard serial number is a unique identifier determined by the publisher of the article.
zblnumberNon-standardThe article number within the Zentralblatt Math Database.
eprintNon-standardThe specific information for an electronic publication of the article.

How to cite an article that hasn’t been published yet?

There is an @unpublished entry type that may be more appropriate to use for an article not yet published. However, if the name of the journal the article is to be published in is already known, it is common practice to use @article regardless.

For most formatting styles it is possible to put the “to appear” in the page field and that will be sufficient. (Please note that although this is standard practice it is not the best practice as some bibliography formatting styles will generate unfavourable results.)

   page    = {to appear}

Optionally, more details regarding the article’s status can be added in the note field.

  page    = {to appear}
  note    = {under submission}