BibTeX field: pages

How to use the pages field in BibTeX?

The pages field is used to store page numbers or a page range. For a journal article it's the page range where the article can be found in the specific issue of that journal, or for a section in a book it could be a series of page numbers.

Tip: It is standard to use an en-dash (“--”) to separate a page range. This holds true for all entry types for which a page(s) can be defined. This is because even though some styles will natively replace a single dash with an en-dash during output, this is not guaranteed. Therefore it is best practice to get in the habit of using “--” for explicit “–”.

pages = "723--729"
pages = "723--29"
pages = "III-IX"
pages = 23
pages = "34,37--39"

How the page field is used in BibTeX entry types

BibTeX entryDescriptionpages field
articleJournal articleoptional
bookletPrinted work without a publisher
inbookAny section in a bookrequired
incollectionA titled section of a bookoptional
inproceedingsConference paperoptional
mastersthesisMaster's thesis
miscMiscellaneous: if nothing else fits
phdthesisPhD thesis
techreportTechnical report or white paper
unpublishedA work that has not yet been officially published