BibTeX field: journal

How to use the journal field in BibTeX?

The journal field is used to store the name of the journal or magazine the article was published in. Many bst file shave built-in macros that allow to write a shorthand notation of the journal. Additionally, @string can be used to define a shorthand notation in the BibTeX file itself.

it's best practice to use abbreviated journal names with full stops. if full stops need to be removed for a particular bibliography style, it will be done automatically by the style.

journal = "Acta Mathematica"
journal = "Acta Math."

% using @string to defined an abbreviation
@String{am = "Acta Math"}
journal = am

How the journal field is used in BibTeX entry types

BibTeX entryDescriptionjournal field
articleJournal articlerequired
bookletPrinted work without a publisher
inbookAny section in a book
incollectionA titled section of a book
inproceedingsConference paper
mastersthesisMaster's thesis
miscMiscellaneous: if nothing else fits
phdthesisPhD thesis
techreportTechnical report or white paper
unpublishedA work that has not yet been officially published